Multi Vitamin for Women
femMED Multi + Antioxidants is a multi vitamin for women that provides essential vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants in order to promote good health. The nutrients provided include Pomegranate, Cranberry, Blueberry, Grape Seed Extract, Lycopene, Vitamin A, Beta-carotene, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Folate, Biotin, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Zinc, Manganese, Copper, Iodine, Selenium, Molybdenum and Vanadium.
Pomegranate is a fruit with one of the highest antioxidant activities. The juice contains flavonoids and anthocyanidins which have three times the antioxidant activity of red wine and green tea extract.
Cranberries are also included for their strong antioxidant capabilities. Cranberries contain a very high concentration of total polyphenols.
Blueberries have been studied for their potent antioxidant capabilities.Blueberry polyphenols can quench free radicals and offer protection against diseases associated with oxidative damage, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases.
Grape seed extract has proven to be a potent antioxidant in vivo, with an antioxidant capacity 20 times that of Vitamin C and 50 times that of Vitamin E. Grape seed polyphenols can offer a protective effect against oxidative damage and can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and other chronic diseases associated with aging (Frankel et al., 1993; Gryglewsk et al., 1987).
Lycopene clinical studies have correlated high serum lycopene levels with a reduced incidence of certain diseases associated with oxidative stress, including cardiovascular disease, cancer [particularly prostate cancer], macular degeneration, immunomodulation, oral submucous fibrosis and oral leukoplakia.
Vitamin A, an essential ingredient in a multi vitamin for women provides essential vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants in order to promote good health.is a factor in the maintenance of good health and helps maintain eyesight, bone growth, skin and membranes. Vitamin A is recognized as being essential for vision, and for systemic functions including cellular differentiation, growth, reproduction, bone development and the immune system.
Beta-carotene in addition to being a precursor to vitamin A, is also able to act as an antioxidant. The antioxidant activity of carotenoids is based on their ability to quench singlet oxygen as well as their ability to trap peroxyl radicals.
Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that protects cellular DNA from free radical damage and mutations, but also is used to prevent cataracts, macular degeneration, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and colds; improve wound healing and response to stress; reduce bronchial spasms in asthmatics; and prevent lead toxicity.
Vitamin Daids in the absorption and use of calcium and phosphorous, and helps with the normal development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D also works in concert with a number of other vitamins, minerals and hormones [including parathyroid hormone] to promote bone mineralization. Without vitamin D, bones can become thin, brittle, or misshapen.
Vitamin D can be produced in the skin upon exposure to sunlight or must be obtained from the diet. Since vitamin D is found in few foods and at low amounts, a supplement is recommended for most people. Most multivitamins provide 400 IU (10 mcg). Those with limited sun exposure, osteoporosis, dark skin, multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, and those over age 65 should consider additional vitamin D.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant (protects cell membranes against oxidative damage; prevents LDL oxidation) that supports immune function, prevents blood clotting, and dilates blood vessels. It is used to prevent and treat heart disease, cancer, macular degeneration, and cataracts, enhance immune response, reduce oxidative stress, and improve cognitive function.
Thiamine is required for energy production, nerve and muscle function, enzyme reactions, and fatty acid production.
Riboflavin is required for energy metabolism, enzyme reactions, vision, and skin/hair/nail health; functions as an antioxidant; activates vitamin B6, niacin, and folate.
Niacin is required for energy metabolism, enzyme reactions, skin and nerve health, and digestion.
Pantothenic acid is required for carbohydrate metabolism, adrenal function, enzyme reactions, and production of fats, cholesterol, bile acids, hormones, neurotransmitters, and red blood cells.
Vitamin B6 is necessary for protein and fat metabolism, hormone function (estrogen and testosterone), and the production of red blood cells, niacin, and neurotransmitters (serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine). It is used therapeutically for PMS, depression, morning sickness, carpal tunnel syndrome, and heart health (lowers homocysteine, an amino acid that, at high levels, can cause arteriosclerosis and build up arterial plaque).
Vitamin B12 is required for nerve function, synthesis of DNA and RNA, metabolism of energy, enzyme reactions, and production of red blood cells. It is used therapeutically for heart health (lowers homocysteine), male infertility, prevention of neural tube defects, asthma, and cancer prevention.
Folate is part of the B-vitamin family; known as folate when it occurs in foods, or as folic acid when present in a multi vitamin for women. It provides essential vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants in order to promote good health. or added to foods. It is required for cell division, growth, amino acid metabolism, enzyme reactions, and production of RNA, DNA, and red blood cells. It is used for heart health (lowers homocysteine) and may aid in the prevention of cancer (colon and cervical) and reduces birth defects (neural tube) when taken ideally prior to becoming pregnant.
Biotin is part of the B-vitamin family and is involved in the synthesis of fat, glycogen, and amino acids and enzyme reactions; required for DNA replication; important for healthy hair and nails.
Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body; essential for building and maintaining bones and teeth; required for muscle contractions and nerve function; regulates blood pressure, blood vessel contractions, and clotting; involved in enzyme reactions. It is used for the prevention of osteoporosis, colorectal cancer, pre-eclampsia, and lead toxicity and the treatment of high blood pressure.
Magnesium is required for nerve and muscle function, formation of bones and teeth, synthesis of the antioxidant glutathione, cell membranes, and body temperature regulation; involved in energy production, numerous enzyme reactions, and synthesis of DNA and RNA. It is used to prevent heart disease and in the treatment of high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, migraine headaches, and asthma.
Iron is required to produce hemoglobin and myoglobin (proteins involved in the transport and storage of oxygen) and amino acids (carnitine) and is required for cellular energy production. It is used for the prevention of anemia in pregnancy and in others at risk, and in the treatment of restless legs syndrome.
Zinc is involved in numerous enzyme reactions; required for growth and development, immune and neurological function, reproduction and regulation of gene expression; stabilizes the structure of proteins and cell membranes. Used to support immune function, reduce severity and duration of the common cold, and delay the progression of macular degeneration.
Manganese is required for the production and activation of enzymes that are involved in energy metabolism; bone, cartilage, and collagen formation; and the production of antioxidants. Deficiency is uncommon, but may occur in those with epilepsy, hypoglycemia, diabetes, schizophrenia, and osteoporosis.
Copper is a component of enzymes, which are required for energy production, connective tissue formation, iron metabolism, brain and nervous system, synthesis of neurotransmitters, melanin, myelin, hemoglobin, and the antioxidant superoxide dismutase; involved in regulating gene expression. Severe deficiency is rare, but marginal deficiencies are common. The typical diet provides about 50 percent of the RDA. Others at risk: Premature and low birth-weight infants with diarrhea; infants fed only cow’s milk formula, which is low in copper; those with malnutrition, malabsorption syndromes (celiac disease), cystic fibrosis, and those receiving intravenous feeding.
Selenium is a component of enzymes that function as antioxidants; involved in detoxification; converts thyroid hormone to its active form; supports immune function; enhances the antioxidant activity of vitamin E. Used to strengthen immune function and prevent infection, to protect against colon and prostate cancer, and to prevent oxidative stress and support immune system function in those with HIV/AIDS.
Iodine is required to make thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism, energy production, and body temperature, and are essential for growth and reproduction. Used for prevention of radiation-induced thyroid cancer in those with iodine deficiency and to treat fibrocystic breast disease.
Molybdenumis an essential trace element that is required for the production of enzymes that are cofactors in amino acid metabolism, formation of uric acid, and the metabolism of drugs and toxins.
Vanadium is a trace element that is important for lipid metabolism, body growth, and the development of bone. The presence of vanadium in the serum is important in reducing the amount of plasma triglycerides, by decreasing glucose levels.
Who Needs A Multi Vitamin for Women?
There are many factors that cause nutrient depletion, such as poor diet, stress, exercise, use of prescription drugs, environmental toxicity, and excessive alcohol intake. For many micronutrients, deficiency, inadequate intake or nutrient depletion is common relative to the RDA. This is why a women’s multi vitamin is so important in making up for shortcomings in the diet and preventing deficiencies.
There are 13 essential vitamins that our bodies need for proper growth, function, and maintenance of healthy tissues. The vitamins are either water-soluble or fat-soluble. The B-vitamins and vitamin C dissolve in water and are easily eliminated from the body. Adverse reactions, even with high-dose supplements, are rare with these vitamins. Fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, and E) are not readily excreted from the body and have the potential to accumulate in the tissues and cause adverse effects at high doses. These vitamins should be found in efficacious amounts in a quality women’s multi vitamin.
Minerals are elements that originate in the earth. The body cannot make minerals so they must be obtained through the diet and/or supplements. Both plant and animal foods provide minerals. Plants obtain minerals from the soil they are grown in. Animals get minerals from the plants they eat, and then we get these minerals indirectly by eating the animal products. There are also some minerals present in drinking water, but this varies with geographic location, as does the mineral content of plants. A complete women’s multi vitamin (despite the name) should also contain the key minerals for optimal health.
Minerals are categorized according to our daily requirements. Calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus are considered major minerals since we require a substantial amount of these for health and wellness. The trace minerals, which are required in smaller amounts, are chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, and zinc. The minerals potassium and sodium are known as electrolytes, substances that dissociate into ions (charged particles) in solution, making them capable of conducting electricity.
When choosing a women’s multi vitamin look for one from a reputable manufacturer that contains a complete array of essential vitamins, minerals and antioxidants in one formula. And male sure to read the label carefully to ensure you are not paying for unnecessary additives or fillers, which can be harmful to your health.